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8 Steps for How to Write a Song Using the Piano

September 18.2023
Writing a song using the piano is a creative journey filled with endless possibilities! I first started writing songs in...

Writing a song using the piano is a creative journey filled with endless possibilities! I first started writing songs in my preteens using nothing but a piano and a voice recorder.

Whether you’re a seasoned musician or just starting out, the piano offers a versatile platform for crafting beautiful melodies and lyrics.

Over time as I wrote songs, I realized I was following the same process, and it made it really easy for me to grow my songwriting skills. By following these eight steps I have below, you can transform your musical ideas into a complete and captivating composition.

Choose Your Key

​​Selecting the right key is the first step in your songwriting journey. Each key imparts a distinct mood and atmosphere to your composition.

Experiment with different keys on the piano until you find one that resonates with the emotion or ambiance you wish to convey.

For instance, C major might evoke a bright, cheerful mood, while E minor might create a more melancholic or introspective tone. Your choice of key sets the stage for the rest of your composition, so take your time to find the one that aligns with your creative vision.

Get A Feel For The Time Signature 

The time signature of your song dictates its rhythmic structure and is crucial for maintaining a steady beat.

Common time signatures include 4/4 (four beats per measure), 3/4 (three beats per measure), and 6/8 (six beats per measure), among others. To find the right time signature, experiment on the piano with different rhythms and patterns.

Consider how the time signature complements the mood of your song. A 3/4 time signature, for example, might lend a waltz-like, graceful quality to your composition, while 6/8 could introduce a more flowing and syncopated feel.

The time signature serves as the rhythmic backbone of your song, so choose one that suits your creative intentions.

Find A Comfortable Tempo 

The tempo, or speed, of your song is a critical element that can dramatically affect its overall feel and impact. It’s essential to establish a tempo that feels natural and suits the mood you want to convey. As you play around on the piano, experiment with different tempos and pay attention to how they influence the emotion of your music.

A slower tempo can create a sense of introspection or melancholy, while a faster tempo might evoke excitement or joy. Don’t be afraid to adjust the tempo as you work on your song; finding the right tempo is essential to capturing the essence of your composition.

Remember, tempo is a powerful tool that can help you convey the emotions and energy you desire in your song.

Identify The Mood Of Your Song

Understanding the mood you want to convey in your song is a fundamental step in the creative process.

Take time to reflect on the emotions you want your audience to experience. Do you aim for a joyful, uplifting piece, or are you crafting something more somber and reflective? The piano’s expressive range makes it an ideal instrument to capture a wide spectrum of emotions.

Your choice of chords, melodies, and lyrical themes will all be influenced by the mood you’ve identified. Whether it’s the melancholy of a minor key or the optimism of a major key, aligning your composition with the intended mood is key to creating a resonant and emotionally compelling song.

Use The Mood To Make A Chord Progression

With your mood in mind, begin crafting a chord progression on the piano. Chords form the harmonic backbone of your song, providing depth and structure.

Experiment with different chord sequences to find the ones that evoke the desired emotional response. For instance, if you’re aiming for a melancholic mood, explore minor chords and progressions, while a cheerful mood may benefit from major chords and more upbeat progressions.

Don’t hesitate to add inversions or extensions to your chords to create unique and captivating progressions. Your chord choices will lay the foundation for the melodies and lyrics to come, so give careful consideration to this step.

Create Your Vocal Melodies

Now that you have a chord progression, it’s time to shape your vocal melodies. Use the piano as your guide, playing chords and experimenting with different melodic lines that fit harmoniously over the chords.

As you create your melodies, consider your vocal range, the overall flow of the song, and how the melodies complement the mood you’ve established. Your melodies should connect with the chords seamlessly, forming a melodic structure that captivates listeners.

Keep in mind that vocal melodies are often the most memorable part of a song, so invest time and creativity in crafting melodies that are both catchy and emotionally resonant.

Add Lyrical Ideas

Lyrics are the heart and soul of your song, giving it a narrative and emotional depth. To infuse your song with meaning, draw inspiration from the mood and melodies you’ve developed.


Write down thoughts, feelings, and stories that align with the emotional tone of your composition. Your lyrics can convey personal experiences, universal emotions, or imaginative tales—whatever serves your creative vision. Pay attention to rhyme schemes, metaphors, and the overall flow of your lyrics.

Great lyrics have the power to connect with listeners on a profound level, so take your time crafting them. Whether you’re telling a heartfelt story or sharing a poignant message, your lyrics will add a unique dimension to your song.

Put Your Ideas Into A Song Structure 

To give your song structure and coherence, organize your ideas into a song structure. Common structures include verse-chorus-verse, verse-chorus-bridge-chorus, or variations thereof.

Determine how many verses, choruses, bridges, and other sections your song will include. Arrange your lyrics, vocal melodies, and chord progressions accordingly to fit this structure.

Consider adding dynamic elements, such as intros, outros, or instrumental breaks, to enhance the overall arrangement. A well-structured song ensures that your audience can follow and engage with your music.


By following these eight steps, you can transform your musical ideas into a complete and lovely composition.

Keep in mind that you can mix up the steps depending on your writing preferences. For example, some people like to have their lyrics ready before putting the melody to them.

Remember that practice and experimentation are key to honing your songwriting skills. So, sit down at the piano, let your creativity flow, and start crafting your own beautiful melodies and lyrics whenever you are ready.

For more of my tips on piano and tons of other music-related content for creators, check out my blog at Yona Marie Music! I publish multiple posts a week that help musicians find ways to market themselves and grow as artists.


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